How to Appeal a Divorce and Parenting Plan in Washington
By Beverly Bird
Updated March 17, 2020
In Washington state, you can usually save yourself a lot of time, money and stress if you can negotiate an agreed parenting plan when you divorce. If you can't do that, however, and the court decides custody, Washington law is exacting. After the court makes an order, it can be difficult to undo it, but an appeal is one option.
Washington Parenting Plans
If the judge has to order a parenting plan, she’ll decide its terms in the same way it’s decided in every state – according to the best interests of your children. Washington’s statutory best interests factors include consideration of which parent is best able to perform parenting functions and provide stability for the children. The laws include references to work schedules and who will be routinely available for the children.
The Problem with Appeals
If you don’t agree with the judge’s custody decision, appealing it is an option, but you must be able to prove that the judge made a mistake. This might involve establishing that he gave inappropriate weight to someone’s testimony or that he wrongly applied the law by ignoring certain evidence that he should have considered.
An appeal is not an opportunity to try your case all over again. You can’t present new evidence, as the appellate court will generally only review the documents and court records from your first trial. Although it’s possible to appeal a divorce and its corresponding parenting plan, these cases tend to be difficult to win due to the restrictions placed on the proceedings. However, if you’re successful, the appellate court will overturn the family judge’s decision and may order a new trial.
How to Appeal in Washington Divorce Proceedings
An appeal involves a great deal more than just filing some paperwork asking the appellate judges to review your case. First, you must notify the court that you’re appealing the trial court’s decision by filing a notice of appeal. You have limited time in which to do this -- only 30 days from the date when the trial court issued the decree.
You must then contact the trial court and arrange to have all the documents from your case transferred to the court of appeals. After you accomplish this, you must explain in a written brief what you think the trial court did wrong, and then you must make sure your ex or her lawyer gets a copy. She has the right to submit her own brief in response, and then you get a chance to address or argue, in writing, any points she raises in her document.
Your appeal may be judged on the basis of these submissions. Sometimes, however, the court will schedule an oral argument, during which both you and your ex or her attorney have the right to stand up in front of the appellate judges and argue your case.
Other Options for Altering a Parenting Plan
Filing an appeal is an onerous process, so you might want to consult with an attorney to find out if you have any other options. This may depend on specific details regarding your case. For example, if you suspect that your ex committed fraud, such as by lying to the court or falsifying evidence, you can file a motion with the original court, asking to have your decree and the parenting plan set aside or vacated.
Your other option is to file a motion for a parenting plan modification, but this can be almost as difficult as an appeal in Washington. You’d have to establish in your motion papers that something substantial and unforeseen changed since your order or decree was entered and that the change poses a risk to your child. Based on your papers, the judge decides whether the situation warrants a change in your parenting plan, and if it does, she’ll grant you a hearing.
- Goldberg Jones: Family Law Appeals
- Beresford Booth: The Parenting Plan – Residential Schedule for Divorces Involving Children
- Washington State Legislature: Modification of Parenting Plan or Custody Decree
- Mogren, Glessner & Ahrens, P.S.: Modification of Parenting Plans in Washington
- Law Offices of David B. Zuckerman: Civil Appeals in Washington
Beverly Bird has been writing professionally since 1983. She is the author of several novels including the bestselling "Comes the Rain" and "With Every Breath." Bird also has extensive experience as a paralegal, primarily in the areas of divorce and family law, bankruptcy and estate law. She covers many legal topics in her articles.